Brown Vs Board Of Education Opinion Essay Example
- In 1954 case Brown v. Board, Supreme Court ordered integration of segregated American public schools "with all deliberate speed"
- Brown overturned the segregationist legal doctrine of "separate but equal" established in Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)
- Brown held that separate was inherently unequal
In 1954, in Brown v. Board of Education the United States Supreme Court reversed policies affirmed nearly sixty years earlier in Plessy v. Ferguson and ordered the integration of America's schools. The older case had held that the Fourteenth Amendment's guarantee of equal protection could be reconciled with segregation so long as the facilities made accessible to people were "equal." In Plessy, the specific issue was railroad cars, but the broader policy of separate but equal was applied to all sorts of institutions, including schools.
But in Brown the Court held that separate was inherently unequal; the very process of separating one group of children from another sent a harmful message. In the words of Chief Justice Earl Warren, "to separate them from others of similar age and qualifications solely because of their race generates a feeling of inferiority as to their status in the community that may affect their hearts and minds in a way unlikely ever to be undone." Consequently, the Court said, America's schools must set about the task of integration "with all deliberate speed."25
The Significance of Brown v. Board of Education Essay examples
1957 Words8 Pages
In 1954, the Supreme Court of the United States was confronted with the controversial Brown v. Board of Education case that challenged segregation in public education. Brown v. Board of Education was a landmark Supreme Court case because it called into question the morality and legality of racial segregation in public schools, a long-standing tradition in the Jim Crow South, and threatened to have monumental and everlasting implications for blacks and whites in America. The Brown v. Board of Education case is often noted for initiating racial integration and launching the civil rights movement. In 1951, Oliver L. Brown, his wife Darlene, and eleven other African American parents filed a class-action lawsuit against the Board of Education…show more content…
The Thirteenth Amendment of 1865 abolished slavery, the Fourteenth Amendment of 1868 granted African Americans citizenship and equal protection under the law, and the Fifteenth Amendment of 1870 granted African Americans the right to vote. These amendments were passed in an effort to combat racism and reshape public perception of blacks, however, these laws were hard to enforce and Southern states developed their own laws like the Black Codes to control the newly freed slaves. Jim Crow-era laws in the South like the poll tax and literacy tests prevented many blacks in the South from voting. Anyone who tried to break Southern traditions was subject to violence and intimidation from the Ku Klux Klan.
The Great Migration was the mass movement of millions of African Americans to the Northeast, Midwest, and West around 1910 to1930. African Americans moved away from the South to escape segregation and violence in search of better opportunities. With the U.S. entering into World War I and troops being sent overseas, more job opportunities opened up for African Americans. Blacks enjoyed the unsegregated cities and the benefits that came along with it like better jobs, schools, and homes. African Americans also got more involved in politics and became an important constituency in the North because they were not prevented from voting and some even ran for political offices.
During World War I and World War II,