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Soc 101 Assignment 3 Solution Spring 2012

then it is easy to improve the socio economic conditions of the country. In current scenario, Pakistan can utilize majority of its population for the development of the country.

(ii)

Sex composition provides a clear picture of number of males and females in the society. This information shows that there is high sex ratio which means that the number of males per 100 females is much higher than 100 females. This is typical of developing countries which is a reflective of the status of women. It provides an overview of women’s’ strength in the society. It also helps to identify the labor force participation in economy. (iii)

If literacy rate is high then there are more chances for progress and development. Educated youth can be productively employed in different sectors to bring change in current institutions. Without discrimination males and females access to educational opportunities can ultimately expand the social development. High literacy rate increases human capital and strengthen the abilities to economic growth.

(iv) Demand of food is affected by population distribution, as it is observed that people are migrating from rural to urban areas for more facilities and also to fulfill basic needs. Then it can be cause of food insecurity and agricultural loss. Improper policies and lack of vision on the part of administration can further increase the threats which can be overcome by equal distribution of resources. .

Question 3 To improve socio-cultural and economic conditions of people of Pakistan there is need to show serious concern on population growth rate, education, age, sex composition and rural and urban migration. Following can be the areas of improvement: • Bridging the gap between high population growth and low economic productivity

through proper and systematic planning. • Increase employment opportunities to keep youth in productive activities. Human

resources should expedite in social and economic development. • Empower women in every field of life by releasing them from traditional life and

ensuring their participation in economic, education, social and political activities. • Growth rate of population should significantly reduce by creating awareness

about family planning. • Synchronize the demand of housing and other facilities with reference to the

population distribution trends.

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SEMESTER Fall 2016 Introduction to Sociology (SOC101) Assignment No. 03 Due Date: 16-01-2017 Assignment marks: 20 Social stratification and social mobility Objectives The Aim of the Assignment is to:  Develop the understanding of students on the concepts related to social class and stratification.  Enhance student’s understanding regarding social mobility. Question 01: A high level of economic and social disparity exists in Pakistan. Not every individual has access to the same type of education, health and job. There is a large amount of gap between wealthiest and poorest which need to be addressed. How do you see the existing social inequalities in Pakistani Society? Justify with help of any theory of social stratification and suggest how these inequalities can be reduced. (Marks = 08) Question 02: Ahsan, Ali and Talha were three engineering students at UET, Lahore. Ahsan moved to UAE along with his family to work in Descon private limited after completing his studies. Ali has to leave his studies because his father encountered loss in family business. Ali joined his father in family business and after ten years he became one of the top businessmen in Pakistan. Talha has joined NESPAK as project manager for a construction project on contract for one year. After completing the tenure with NESPAK, he joined SPARCO as project manager for the period of 3 years at almost same salary.  Now your task is to identify the types of social mobility in the given cases and also justify the reason behind the identification. (Marks: 3*4 = 12) Note: Only in the case of Assignment, 24 hours extra / grace period after the due date is usually available to overcome uploading difficulties which may be faced by the students on last date. This extra time should only be used to meet the emergencies and above mentioned due dates should always be treated as final to avoid any inconvenience. Important Instructions: Please read the following instructions carefully before attempting the assignment solution. Deadline:  Make sure that you upload the solution file before the due date. No assignment will be accepted through e-mail once the solution has been uploaded by the instructor. Formatting guidelines:  Use the font style “Times New Roman”/ “Arial” and font size “12”.  It is advised to compose your document in MS-Word.  Use black and blue font colors only. Solution guidelines:  Every student will work individually and has to write in the form of an analytical assignment.  Give the answer according to question.  For acquiring the relevant knowledge don’t rely only on handouts but watch the video lectures and use other reference books also. Rules for Marking Please note that your assignment will not be graded or graded as Zero (0) if:  It has been submitted after due date  The file you uploaded does not open or is corrupt  It is in any format other than doc (MS. Word)  It is cheated or copied from other students, internet, books, journals etc…

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