1 Tusho

Electric Cars 2012 Comparison Essay

  • [1]

    Brady J. and O’Mahony M. 2011 Travel to work in Dublin. The potential impacts of electric vehicles 16 (Elsevier: Transportation Research Part D: Transport and environment) 188

  • [2]
    Hawkins T.R. and Singh B. 2012 Comparative Environmental Life Cycle Assessment of Conventional and Electric Vehicles Journal of Industrial Ecology17 53

    Crossref

  • [3]

    International Energy Agency 2015 Energy and climate change (IEA Publishing)

  • [4]
    Nykvist B. and Nilsson M. 2015 Rapidly falling costs of battery packs for electric vehicles Nature Climate Change5 329

    Crossref

  • [5]

    Propfe B., Redelbach M., Santini D.J. and Friedric H. 2012 Cost analysis of Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles including Maintenance & Repair Costs and Resale Values Conference EVS26

  • [6]

    Chen Z., Guo N., Li X., Shen J., Xiao R. and Li S. 2017 Battery Pack Grouping and Capacity Improvement for Electric Vehicles Based on a Genetic Algorithm Energies10

  • [7]
    Offer G.J., Contestabile M., Howey D.A., Clague R. and Brandon N.P. 2011 Techno-economic and behavioral analysis of battery electric, hydrogen fuel cell and hybrid vehicles in a future sustainable road transport system in the UK Energy Policy39 1939

    Crossref

  • [8]
    Sakti A. and Michalek J.J. 2015 A techno-economic analysis and optimization of Li-ion batteries for light-duty passenger vehicle electrification Journal of Power Sources273 966

    Crossref

  • [9]
    Alaoui C. 2013 Solid-State Thermal Management for Lithium-Ion EV Batteries IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology62 98

    Crossref

  • [10]
    Lu L., Han X., Li J., Hua J. and Ouyang M. 2012 A review on the key issues for lithium-ion battery management in electric vehicles Journal of Power Sources226 272

    Crossref

  • [11]
    Gerssen-Gondelach S. J. and Faaij A. P.C. 2012 Performance of batteries for electric vehicles on short and longer term Journal of Power Sources212 111

    Crossref

  • [12]

    Goonan T. G. 2012 Lithium use in batteries (U.S. Geological Survey) Circular 1371

  • [13]
    Doughty D. and Roth E.P. 2012 A General Discussion of Li Ion Battery Safety The Electrochemical Society Interface21 37

    Crossref

  • [14]
    Lajunen A and Suomela J. 2012 Evaluation of Energy Storage System Requirements for Hybrid Mining Loaders IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology61 3387

    Crossref

  • [15]

    Gaines L. 2011 The future of automotive lithium-ion battery recycling: Charting a sustainable course Sustainable Materials and Technologies1–2 2

  • [16]

    Veneri O., Ferraro L., Capasso C. and Iannuzzi D. 2012 Charging infrastructures for EV: Overview of technologies and issues (IEEE ESARS) 1

  • [17]

    Linden D. and Reddy T.B. 2002 Handbook of batteries 3 (McGraw Hill)

  • [18]

    Linden D. and Reddy T.B. 2010 Linden’s Handbook of batteries 4 (McGraw Hill)

  • [19]
    Young K., Wang C., Wang L.Y. and Strunz K. 2013 Chapter: Electric Vehicle Integration into Modern Power Networks (Springer) Electric Vehicle Battery Technologies 15

    Crossref

  • [20]

    O’Sullivan T.M., Bingham C.M. and Clark R.E. 2006 Zebra battery technologies for all electric smart car SPEEDAM 2006 6

  • [21]

    Meridian 2005 The Sodium Nickel Chloride “Zebra” Battery (Meridian International Research)

  • [22]
    Wang H., Cui L.F., Yang Y., Casalongue H.S., Robinson J.T., Liang Y., Cui Y. and Dai H. 2010 Mn3O4 - Graphene Hybrid as a High-Capacity Anode Material for Lithium Ion Batteries Journal of the American Chemical Society132 13978

    Crossref

  • [23]
    Todd A.D.W., Ferguson P.P., Fleischauer M.D. and Dahn J.R. 2010 Tin-based materials as negative electrodes for Li-ion batteries: Combinatorial approaches and mechanical methods International Journal of Energy Research34 535

    Crossref

  • [24]
    Burke A.F. 2007 Batteries and Ultracapacitors for Electric, Hybrid, and Fuel Cell Vehicles Proceedings of the IEEE95 806

    Crossref

  • [25]
    Aurbach D., Pollak E., Elazari R., Salitra G., Kelley C.S. and Affinito J. 2009 On the Surface Chemical Aspects of Very High Energy Density, Rechargeable Li–Sulfur Batteries Journal of the Electrochemical Society156 A694

    Crossref

  • [26]
    Chen L. and Shaw L.L. 2014 Recent advances in lithium-sulfur batteries Journal of Power Sources267 770

    Crossref

  • [27]
    Varga B.O., Mariasiu F., Moldovanu D. and Iclodean C. 2015 Electric and Plug-In Hybrid Vehicles: Advanced Simulation Methodologies (Springer)

    Crossref

  • [28]

    Volkswagen 2014 VW e-Golf 2014 Brochure (Volkswagen AG) version: 03/2014

  • [29]

    Volkswagen 2015 VW E-Golf Owner Manual (Volkswagen AG)

  • [30]

    Todorut A., Cordos N., Barabas I., Muresan R.D. and Balcau M. 2016 Comparative study on the dynamic behavior in cornering from different classes of passenger cars, by experimental and simulation methods Acta Technica Napocensis, Series: Applied mathematics, mechanics and engineering59 285

  • [31]

    Todorut A., Cordos N., Burdea M.D. and Balcau M. 2015 The evaluation of normal load redistribution on the static axles and on the wheels, when the vehicle is in motion Acta Technica Napocensis, Series: Applied mathematics, mechanics and engineering58 349

  • [32]

    AVL 2011 Users Guide AVL Cruise Version 2011 (AVL List GmbH) Edition 06/2011

  • [33]
    Pesaran A.A. and Keyser M. 2001 Thermal Characteristics of Selected EV and HEV Batteries Sixteenth Annual Battery Conference on Applications and Advances 219

    Crossref

  • [34]

    Daimler Benz Aktiengesellschaft 1997 The A-Class Electric Vehicle Powered by the ZEBRA Battery System (Daimler Benz AG Kommunication)

  • [35]

    Eurobat 2014 A Review of Battery Technologies for Automotive Applications (EUROBAT)

  • [36]
    Kiehne H.A. 2003 Battery Technology Handbook 2 (Marcel Decker Inc.)

    Crossref

  • [37]

    Larminie J. and Lowry J. 2004 Electric Vehicle Technology Explained (John Wiley & Sons Ltd.)

  • [38]
    Mikhaylik Y.V. and Akridge J. R. 2003 Low Temperature Performance of Li/S Batteries Journal of The Electrochemical Society150 A306

    Crossref

  • [39]
    Sudworth J.L. 2001 The Sodium/Nickel chloride (ZEBRA) battery Journal of Power Sources100 149

    Crossref

  • [40]
    Zhang Z. and Zhang S.S. 2015 Rechargeable Batteries - Materials, Technologies and New Trends (Springer)

    Crossref

  • Battery electric vehicle adoption research has been on going for two decades. The majority of data gathered thus far is taken from studies that sample members of the general population and not actual adopters of the vehicles. This paper presents findings from a study involving 340 adopters of battery electric vehicles. The data is used to corroborate some existing assumptions made about early adopters. The contribution of this paper, however, is the distinction between two groups of adopters. These are high-end adopters and low-end adopters. It is found that each group has a different socio-economic profile and there are also some psychographic differences. Further they have different opinions of their vehicles with high-end adopters viewing their vehicles more preferentially. The future purchase intentions of each group are explored and it is found that high-end adopters are more likely to continue with ownership of battery electric vehicles in subsequent purchases. Finally reasons for this are explored by comparing each adopter group’s opinions of their vehicles to their future purchase intentions. From this is it suggested that time to refuel and range for low-end battery electric vehicles should be improved in order to increase chances of drivers continuing with BEV ownership.

    Leave a Comment

    (0 Comments)

    Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *